Tourism in Indonesia is an important component of the Indonesian economy as well as a significant source of foreign exchange revenues. With a vast archipelago of more than 17,000 islands, the second longest shoreline in the world, over 700 languages and tropical climate, nature and culture are both major components of Indonesian tourism
The island of Indonesia Java hosts a beautiful contrast of tranquil villages and bustling cities. This island is also the cultural and educational hub of this country. The two main mountains on the Java Island are Mount Semeru and Mount Boromo. These are located in the east of the island. The destinations which draw high number of tourist each year are the Buddhist stupa of Borobudur and Hindu temple in Prambanan. Jakarta is also an important tourist center. The Semeru National Park in the island which has an extraordinary volcanic landscape has worldwide fame. The Mt Bromo from which smoke comes out even today can be trekked on foot or climbed on a horse. There is habitation very near to the smoking crater where one can stay for a night.
The famous in Indonesia Java International Destination are:
Yogakarta, Central Java Indonesia
Capital of Java Yogakarta is the centre of educational, cultural and economic activity. You must see the premier university of Indonesia, the Gajah Mada University and various arts centers, markets, galleries, dance schools, pottery, handicrafts, textiles and carving, craft shops and bazaars. The Central Javanese cities of Yogyakarta and Surakarta (also refered as Solo, the city old name) are centres of classical Javanese culture. The ancient arts have been encouraged by the royal families of these two sultanates under whose patronage the performing arts and others aspects of Javanese culture have flourished. Yogyakarta has managed to maintain its charm and attractions, and is relatively untouched by the modern world. Its pace of life is unhurried, its people remain courteous in an increasingly pressured society, and it is proudly conscious of its artistic traditions which are maintained and which still dominate the life of the city. There are numerous music and dance schools, brilliant choreographers, drama and poetry workshops, folk theatre and wayang troupes, artists excelling in the plastic arts.
Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple compound in Central Java in Indonesia, located approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the 47m high central building inside a large complex of individual temples.
It was built around 850 CE by either Rakai Pikatan, king of the second Mataram dynasty, or Balitung Maha Sambu, during the Sanjaya Dynasty. Not long after its construction, the temple was abandoned and began to deteriorate. Reconstruction of the compound began in 1918. The main building was completed in around 1953.
Surabaya, East Java Indonesia
Aided by the Java Ballet performances against a backdrop of distant volcanoes, any traveler will be easily enthralled by the East Java experience, capturing the spirit of the province's culture and scenery. Its capital, Surabaya is second to Jakarta in size, population and commerce. East Java is also the most industrialized province in the nation. Its economy is based on agriculture, fishery, oil industries, coffee, mangoes and apples.
Magnificent mountain scenery include the crater and sea of sand at Mount Bromo, the "sulfur mountain" Welirang and rugged lien Plateau. Little of the Majapahit empire's former glory still stands in East Java to day with the exception of temple ruins and some archaeological discoveries. East Java's claim to fame in modern history is its vanguard role in the struggle for independence against colonial forces in 1945.
Bandung, West Java Indonesia
West Java is stretching from the Sunda Strait to the Central Java border, a mountain range passes through the center from east to west and peaks into smoldering volcanoes.
This province has its own unique culture and language, both called Sundanese which is also used to call its people. The ancient kingdoms of Tarumanegara, Pajajaran, Banten and Cirebon would make interesting studies for the student of archaeology Cirebon is located on the border between West and Central Java, having a mixed culture originating from the ancient Cirebon and Banten kingdoms, resulting in similar customs and dialects of the two people, although Banten is located at the extreme western part of the province.
The Sundanese people are soft-spoken. The women of the Bandung region are known for their beauty. A lighthearted people who have a love for bright colors, their mournful "kecapi" music is memory of beautiful legends.
Tangkuban Perahu is a hot springs resort. Here you can swim in warm mineral water pools, good for healing skin problems. The resort provides visitors with a bar, restaurants, tennis courts and cottage style hotels overlooking a beautiful mountain-scape.
In Bandung, try to see the "Wayang Golek" wooden puppet show and hear the "Angklung" bamboo orchestra, as well as the classical Sundanese gamelan and dances.
I am sure that you will feel good on the island of Java as one of the international destination in 2010.
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Indonesia Java International Destination